Saudi Arabia is a unique country in at least three specific details. One, it possesses more than a quarter of the global oil reserves. Two, the holiest Islamic shrines are located in Makkah and Medina placing the country in the epicentre of the Muslim sacred space. Three, it is one of the last surviving ruling monarchies and the only one that has named the country after its own family name. This short book is meant to serve as a basic introduction to this fascinating country.